Statens budgetunderskott blev 221 miljarder kronor 2020


Statens budgetunderskott blev 221 miljarder kronor 2020

Statens betalningar, tillika statens budgetsaldo, resulterade i ett underskott på 221 miljarder kronor för 2020. Riksgäldens prognos från oktober var ett underskott på 256 miljarder kronor.

Coronapandemin hade stora negativa effekter på den ekonomiska utvecklingen under 2020. Den ekonomiska nedgången ledde till både lägre skatteinkomster och högre utgifter för staten. Dessutom genomfördes finanspolitiska stödåtgärder såsom korttidsarbete för att dämpa pandemins effekter på samhällsekonomin. Sammantaget innebar det att statens budget­saldo efter fyra år av överskott vände till ett underskott 2020. Underskottet landade på 221 miljarder kronor 2020, jämfört med ett överskott på 112 miljarder kronor 2019.

Statsskulden uppgick till 1 280 miljarder kronor i slutet av december vilket var 168 miljarder kronor högre än i december 2019.

Underskott för staten i december

Statens betalningar resulterade i ett underskott på 125,9 miljarder kronor i december. Riksgäldens prognos var ett underskott på 131,9 miljarder kronor. Det förklaras främst av att skatteinkomsterna var ungefär 7 miljarder kronor högre än beräknat, vilket i huvudsak beror på högre inbetalningar av kompletterande skatt. Sammanlagt under perioden oktober till december var skatteinkomsterna cirka 22 miljarder kronor högre än prognos. Det beror främst på högre inbetalningar av kompletterande skatt än väntat.

Riksgäldens nettoutlåning till myndigheter m.fl. var 1,7 miljarder kronor högre än prognos i december. Det beror på högre utlåning till bland annat CSN och Försvarets materielverk.

Räntebetalningarna på statsskulden var 2,7 miljarder kronor lägre än prognos.

Utfallet för januari publiceras den 5 februari, kl. 09.30.

Statens budgetsaldo och nettolånebehov1
(miljoner kronor)
Utfall dec.Prognos dec.Differens dec.Ack. diff.2Utfall 12-mån
Budgetsaldo-125 873-131 9066 03335 539-220 588
Nettolånebehov125 873131 906-6 033-35 539220 588
Primärt saldo3 67 673 72 701 -5 028 -32 297 173 403
Nettoutlåning till myndigheter m.fl.4 43 924 42 252 1 672 -1 980 27 734
Räntor på statsskulden 14 276 16 952 -2 676 -1 263 19 451
  - Ränta på lån i svenska kronor 14 320 16 973 -2 654 -380 18 010
  - Ränta på lån i utländsk valuta -52 -18 -34 -151 -1 022
  - Realiserade valutakursdifferenser 8 -3 12 -731 2 464
1 Nettolånebehovet motsvarar budgetsaldot med omvänt tecken. 
2 Summan av månatliga prognosdifferenser sedan senaste prognos (oktober 2020).
3 Nettot av statens primära utgifter och inkomster.
4 Nettot av myndigheter med fleras in- och utlåning i Statens internbank. Nettoutlåningen innehåller såväl löpande statlig verksamhet som tillfälliga poster, vilka kan beslutas med kort varsel. In- och utlåningen påverkar nettolånebehovet och statsskulden, men omfattas inte av det statliga utgiftstaket. Utfallet är preliminärt och kan komma att revideras i samband med Riksgäldens årsbokslut. För definitivt årsutfall hänvisas till Riksgäldens årsredovisning för 2020.


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Statistik om nettolånebehovet, statens upplåning och statsskulden

Det månatliga utfallet av statens nettolånebehov ingår i Sveriges officiella statistik.



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